The Components of the Food We Eat: Minerals and Trace Elements

MINERALS AND TRACE ELEMENTS

Most, if not all of the non-organic elements (known as minerals) can be found in the human body. About 15 of them are known to be essential in the diet and might be derived from food. Minerals are classified into major minerals/macro-minerals and micro-minerals/trace elements.

Macro-minerals are those present in the largest amounts in body tissue. They include Calcium, Magnesium, Phosphorus, Sodium, Potassium, Chloride, Iron and Zinc.

Micro-minerals (or trace metals) are equally important but are needed in minute quantities. They include Copper, Selenium, Iodine, Manganese, Chromium, Cobalt, Molybdenum and Fluoride. Although it is difficult to induce a dietary deficiency of these trace metals, most of them can be toxic if taken in excess amounts. Therefore, it is very important for individuals taking supplements to be aware of how much of these elements they are taking, especially if supplements are to be ingested for a long period of time. Nevertheless, the incidence of subclinical deficiency is not uncommon as far as Zinc and Selenium are concerned.

THE IMPORTANCE OF MINERALS

  • The constituents of bone and teeth, e.g. Calcium, Phosphorus and Magnesium.
  • The regulation of body composition and fluid balance e.g. Sodium, Potassium, Chloride, Magnesium and Phosphorus.
  • Essential adjuncts to many enzymes (cofactors) and other protein molecules such as haemoglobin, which are necessary for the release and utilisation of energy. This mainly includes Iron, Zinc, Selenium, Copper and Phosphorus.

As already stated, there are numerous nutrients that are essential to nutritional health and the only way to ensure their supply in the right proportion and the right amount is to consume a varied and balanced diet. Different foods contain a mixture of different nutrients and different nutrients are present in different quantities in different foods. To prevent or manage a disease like Osteoporosis, one should ensure adequate consumption of not only Calcium but also all elements which help in the absorption and metabolism of Calcium i.e. Magnesium, Phosphorus, Silica, Iron, Vitamin K, Vitamin D, etc. This, or satisfying the body’s needs for any other nutrient, can only be achieved by eating a variety of foods from all the main food groups.

Dietary Reference Values for fat and carbohydrate for adults as a percentage of daily total energy intake (percentage of food energy)

Value: /Individual minimum / Population average / Individual maximum /

Saturated fatty acids: / – /10(11)/ – /

Cis-polyunsaturated fatty acids: / – /6(6.5)/10 / – /

Cis-monounsaturated fatty acids: / – /12(13)/ – /

Trans fatty acids: / – /2(2)/ – /

Total fatty acids: / – /30(32.5)/ – /

TOTAL FAT: / – /33(35)/ – /

Non-milk extrinsic sugars: /0/10 (11)/ – /

Intrinsic and milk sugars and starch: / – /37 (39)/ – /

TOTAL CARBOHYDRATE: / – /47(50)/ – /

NON-STARCH POLYSACCHARIDE: /12 /18 /24/

The average percentage contribution to total energy does not total 100% because figures for protein and alcohol are excluded. Protein intake averages to 15% of total energy, which is above the Reference Nutrient Intakes (RNI)

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Swasthavritta – The Preventive Therapy in Ayurveda and Its Relevance in the Present Era

The word swastha means calm or unperturbed by diseases or emotions. Vrtha means observation of rules. So swastavrtha is observation of the rules for a healthy life.

Each scientific discipline has its one basic aim and ways. The science of ayurveda is one that is intended to give instructions for protecting and preserving ayu or life. But is cannot be taken simply as one that give instructions for treatment alone.

Generally speaking, ayurveda has two sections – swasthavrtha (regimen for a healthy life) and athuravrtha (on the studying of diseases and treatment). That is ayurveda give more stress on the importance of prevention of diseases – on prophylaxis. Swasthavrtha is the section which expounds on the necessary observance for preserving a healthy life. Athuravrtha is a section which presents remedial measures when diseases attach us.

Since we are today facing with the problem of meeting with so many new diseases, the necessity of awakening the people to be conscious of their own way of life, is more. Hence the guideline of ayurveda as presented in the form of instructions on swasthavrtha is very useful and hence more relevant to the times.

Now, we have before us the Alma-ata declarations of the World Health Organization (WHO); the essence of which is the insistence on the cooperative activity of various medical systems so as to bring to utilization of the facilities of all of them as per the suitability regarding the time and place. Since the health problems of the present times is so varied and complex, which cannot be tackled by the efforts of any one single systems alone, however advanced it may be.

If we have to work out this plan for such utilization, we must have a clear knowledge of the fundamental approach of each of these systems, their aims and meaning and methods of their treatment techniques. We have also to endeavor to improve them by modernizing them but without giving a chance to shed away any of their basic qualities in the light of new knowledge promoted by advanced systems. Now it is to be noted that the up to date researches now going on in the advanced fields of modern science has proved to be a justification of the approaches of the old medical systems and aimed at developing new perceptions and new techniques for investigation, research and treatment methods.

Generally the term sastra in sanskrit is translated as science in western vocabulary. But the aim of the approach to the old sasthra towards men and universe, and the motivation of the new sciences that took shape and flourished along with the developments of the industrial era are directed towards two aspects. Of course they are not opposed to each other. The sastra stand for presenting precise instructions on what we have to do and not to do for the promotion for our progress in material and spiritual fields as to have freedom from diseases and a secure life of happiness. The word sastra means that which is commanded. Here the topic of discussion is concerned with the relationship of man and universe. How the acts of men and the changes of nature are interrelated and what are to be done to correct the aims and ways (methods) of our actions to make them orderly.

Here in this approach the knowledge of the basic structure and changes of the universe is essential. But that study has to depend primarily on the nature of the reactions to actions. The science that advanced in the industrial period had tried to study and promote science with the interest and outlook of a consumer. Study of nature by analysis was done with the intention of examining them structurally. So the material particulars taken from them can be used for producing commodities that can increase material amenities and pleasures and for luxurious life. So the term Exploration of nature had come in do vogue.

But the outlooks of the old medical systems as the hypocatic medicine of Europe (Grease) the traditional medical systems of Egypt, India, China etc are all based and developed with the former out look. While the Europine medicine that advanced later has progressed with the later outlook (industrial out look) of course. By adopting such an outlook they could make a major advance also. Because this science provided immense help to improve the number and quality of medicine for treatment and also the instruments the location and their environment. The successes gained in controlling and conquering the epimimics of infectious diseases is no doubt a great boon for the world. The advancement gained in the field of surgery is also impressive. But some serious omission and weaknesses also were noticed.

It is true that the developments of the branches of sciences as physics, chemistry and others (inert sciences) helped to produce articles and conveniences for the luxurious pleasure seeking life of people. But the study of man who has to make use of these articles of enjoyment was not promoted. The main reasons for the unprecedented spread of serious, even lethal diseases, as degenerative diseases, diseases due to mental stress and other stresses, is realized as due to the failure of science in helping citizens on the necessity of carrying life without alienating themselves from nature and society.

Realizing this, today modern, western, scientists also are now on the way of rethreading; understanding the importance of the old out look of the sasthras which give weight on the importance of the relationship of man with the universe. So they also are know proceeding with research activities, giving prominent to such old out look.

According to Ayurveda body and mind are an inseparable integral whole, related and responding to the environment mental diseases affects the body also and physical diseases the mind too. Mind and body are therefore taken only as two seats of disease as the purity of the body makes the mind also pure. So man with a pure mind only is healthy is equally true.

Since ayurvedic concepts are based n functions it insistences is that maintenance of health of mind and body is possible only is we realize that it is primarily dependable on our way of life. It is that which is not properly responsive to the environment that becomes the cause of disease. When we speak of environment we mean two types of environment nature is ever changing as daytime can be distinguished as of three periods so night also. Day has dawn noon time and evening as three periods. Night also has dusk, mid night, and termination period of night. These diurnal changes influenced our body and mind. Our physical activities and mental moods also.

Similarly the stages of age as childhood, youth, and old age, also create differences in the nature of our responses. When take food the reactions inside the body, at the beginning stage of digestion at its middle stage and end stage are different, when the season change. There are corresponding changes in the body responses also. Our internal conditions and function also undergo changes when we are affected with emotions of happiness, sorrow, anger etc. It is known that the food taken in, when accepts by passions does not digests easily and properly. So if we do not adopt our ways of life our life also to accord with the changing natural environment.

The irreconcilable conditions upset the internal balance of the body also. Then the natural activities of the body intended for nutrition, elimination of unwanted wastes, and similar once of a self-protective nature are upset. In these condition of increased wastes and impurities in the body impairing the internal functions create diseases. So in order to avoid the occurrence of diseases the main attention is to be paid for critical examination of the study of our environment and our waste of life for correcting the anomalies ourselves. All ayurvedic texts start with advices for following a course of life which is in harmony with nature, set up with due understanding of nature and the society in which we life. What are the protective steps or duties to be performed on all days and as per the changes in different climates in the alternatives to be made in the menu and other routine the precautionary duty to be performed to avert diseases and similar topics are given preference in these texts. But here what is worthy of special attention is the insistence given on performing the moral duties, which is deemed absolutely essential for a reconciled harmonious life with the society in which we live. These are instructions for a disciplined life governed by rules of self control. For the affliction of diseases can be avoided only if we proceed with self control. Being aware of the changing conditions of times and guided by rules to harmonize the activities of our sensory and motor organs and mind with self control and understandings.

Here insistence is on the importance of prevention of diseases. It is racer wiser than treating a diseases after allowing it to occur. The cause for all disease is the violation of these rules of conducts.

How we have to manage life properly as per the changing times is the theme more orderly discussed by ayurvedic preceptors what is presented in Ashtangahrdaya of Vaghbata is one that deserves our main attention.

Diseases never affect any one who is careful in dietetics matters and behaviours and carried a nature controlled and thoughtful action, owns a mind which does not become slavish to passion one who cherishes a selfless noble generous nature, truthfulness, patience and firm wisdom. Such a person is not affected with any disease.

What Can I Use to Replace the Bars in My LA Weight Loss Diet?

Many people are looking to replace La Weight Loss bars with another brand of bars or a food substitution. There are many popular substitute bars such as Luna, Balance Bar Trail Mix, Power Bar, Honey Stinger, CLIF Nectar, LaraBara and Bumble Bar, Pria, and Go Lean. The cost of LAWL bars seems to be the main driver, but that can easily be overcome by buying your bars on eBay. But there is also the need for some variety and some people just can’t find a bar to their liking. So, if you are looking for a substitute, here are some alternatives. Just remember, by not eating the required 2 La Weight loss bars a day, you void the money back guarantee offered by La Weight Loss Centers.

If you feel you don’t need the bars you can exchange 2 equivalent bars for 1/2 protein, 1 vegetable, 1 fruit, and 1 starch. Stay focused on upping your vegetable intake while lowering processed flours and sugars.

If you are looking for a bar replacement, look for a bar that has about 160-180 calories, 17 grams of carbs, at least 8 grams of protein, and 4 grams of fat.

Here’s the general nutritional info on the LA Weight Loss Bars:

Serving Size: 1 Bar (40g)

Amount per Serving

Calories 160 Calories from Fat 45

% Daily Value *

Total Fat 4.5g 7%

Saturated Fat 2g 10%

Trans Fat 0g

Cholesterol 5mg 2%

Sodium 85mg 4%

Total Carbohydrate 24g 8%

Dietary Fiber 1g 4%

Sugars 18g

Protein 8g 16%

Vitamin A0%

Vitamin C0%

Calcium4%

Iron6%

Below are the most common substitutions for La bars. The information is a general guideline for substitution. Read the nutritional information on the back of any bar you are considering to be certain that the weight loss bar falls within the general nutrition counts for the La bar you are substituting.

Luna bars are reported to be the closest to the actual LAWL bars in nutrition. Many consider the Luna bars a direct substitute for the LA bars. So you eat two a day just as you would normally with the La Weight Loss bars. The Luna bars in particular (as opposed to other brands of protein/diet bars) make a good substitute because they are similar in calories (around 180) and protein (8-10 grams). Any bar that meets those two basic guidelines can be used.

Luna – Nutz over chocolate

Calories: 180

Calories from Fat: 40

Total Fat: 4.5g

Saturated Fat: 2.5g

Cholesterol: 0mg

Sodium: 100mg

Potassium: 105mg

Total Carbohydrate: 24g

Dietary Fiber: 2g

Sugar: 12g

Protein: 10g

Slim Fast Bars are a low calorie meal replacement, the bars are usually 250-260 Calories, which is a little more than a candy bar, but packed with more whey protein and less refined sugar.

Balance bars are very similar to protein bars sold by most companies. The balance bar is made by the same company that provides weight loss centers with their bars.

Kinetix bars are cheaper, have more protein, less calories. Similar in texture size and taste as the La Lites, Kinetex have about 4X’s the sodium that the LA Lites have and 2X’s the amount of protein, so you would have more protein than you are allowed on the plan.

Kinetex – Chocolate Peanut Crisp

Calories 170

Fat 4g

Cholesterol 2mg

Sodium 320mg

Potassium 55mg

Carbohydrate 17g

Protein 17g

Kashi Go Lean bars. They have about the same nutritional value as the La Lites.

South Beach cereal bars. They are similar in most counts, but have less calories, less carbs and more protein. There are two kinds of SBD bars just so the newbies know there are the cereal bars that are around 140 calories, and there are the meal replacement bars which are around 200-220.

Zone bars they are fairly close in calories/protein. Zone Perfect bars score better on the value scale (more protein per calorie). However, they are higher in calories overall.

Zone Perfect – CHOCOLATE PEANUT BUTTER

Serving Size: 1 bar (50g)

Servings Per Container: 12

Each bar contains 2 Zone Blocks:

Calories: 210

Calories from Fat: 60

Total Fat: 7g

Saturated Fat: 3g

Cholesterol: 5mg

Sodium: 360mg

Potassium: 100mg

Total Carbohydrate: 20g

Dietary Fiber: 0g

Sugar: 13g

Protein: 16g

There are a lot of energy bar articles, threads and posts, but they all seem to be either about snacks, or about how awful energy bars are. It would seem like someone should be able to manufacture the equivalent of a healthy, balanced meal replacement bar that tastes great. But, if what you want is a no thought required, eat this one thing twice a day meal substitute that you don’t have to worry about and lose weight, then it would just be easier to buy La Weight Loss bars on eBay. The prices on eBay are as good or better than the cost of other bars and you will still be eligible for the money back guarantee offered by La Weight Loss Centers.

Analysis of Tintern Abbey – A Poem Written by William Wordsworth

William Wordsworth, one of the greatest romantic poets that the world has ever seen, pioneered the movement of deliberately breaking away from the established customs. The magic of words that poems weave was previously employed to venerate great heroes or a grand love. The poets preceding Wordsworth often exposed the evils of the higher classes of people. It was Wordsworth who distanced himself from this tradition and began to study ordinary people such as farmers and shepherds. More importantly he was generous in studying and interpreting Nature and daffodils or linnets instead of dealing on the society. The poet’s personal views and feelings also began to impact his poems more strongly than they had done to the earlier versifiers and his lyric genius commenced to come to the fore.

The poem Tintern Abbey clearly testifies to Wordsworth’s love for Nature. From the time of his boyhood, Wordsworth had established a strong bond with Nature and with the passing time the relationship witnessed transformations, maturing his poetic abilities. As a lad he was enamoured by ‘glad animal movements’ while frolicking in the lap of Nature but with the coming of youth, he fell in love with the lovely colour and sounds of the natural scenery of the heavenly Lake district in England. The liaison seemed to pause there for some time. However, more was to come and with his growing older when he equated Nature with God Himself. In other words, both his heart and soul begin to draw sustenance from this tool of God from this point. By particularising Nature with the definite article ‘the’, Wordsworth implies the exclusivity of his guardian angel in the sense that it is her who protects him from the harsh cruelties of other people and strengthens the moral fabric of his character as well. The poet solemnly utters that unlike human beings, Nature never betrays the heart who loves her. Again it is the sublime face of Nature which has taught him how to go closer to human beings. The sad melody of humanity is heard clearly by the poet at this juncture. Being physically present by the side of a beautiful river from where he can see the distant snow-capped mountain tops, his spirit spreads wings and soars into impossible heights, having never been experienced by him before. Going into a trance, the poet feels transported to another world where everything in the universe seems to get connected.

The language of the poem is not very simple because of the deep and enigmatic musing that Wordsworth is engaging in this poem. The poet’s love for Nature as well as his fondness for his sister has both been clearly conveyed in the poem. We are simply won over by the indisputable sentiments articulated in the poem. The negative phrases such as “has not been to me as is a landscape to a blind man’s eye”, “not unborrowed from the eyes” etc. have added vigour and a sense of conviction to the poet’s uttering. The vivid imageries like those of water falling with an “inland murmur” and smoke rising from a vagrant dweller’s hut capture the soft sound made by the river and the smoke that was unexpected in the woods.

The use of diverse figures of speech like alliteration (Still sad music of humanity), metaphor (Half-extinguished thoughts), simile (The sounding cataract haunted me like a passion), and imagery (Green to the very door) have made what the poem is, an unforgettable lyrical verse capable of setting the indeterminate perturbations of the human heart to rest.

Weight Loss – How I Went From 340 to 199 Pounds, Part 1

I spent two years losing over 140 pounds the old fashioned way: proper diet and exercise. No fads. No pills. No surgery. No crazy machines. I was 30 years old and 340 pounds. With a history of heart disease and obesity in my family, I decided it was time to shed the pounds.

Almost every day I get people I haven’t seen in years coming up to me saying “Wow! You look great!” and then the next question… “What have you been doing?” That’s why I wrote this article.

Disclaimer

Now, of course, as a general disclaimer, I have to say that the tips I’m sharing with you here are just from my own personal experience. I’m not a professional health expert – although over the past couple of years I’ve read dozens of books, and hundreds of articles on nutrition, exercise, and weight lifting. I’m not a doctor. You should, of course, seek your own doctor’s advice before starting any kind of a weight-loss or exercise plan. I firmly believe that with the right diet and proper exercise, almost anyone should be able to lose weight and get fit safely.

Tip 1. It’s All About Calories

First, the bad news. Weight gain and loss is directly tied to the amount of calories you eat versus the calories you expend through exercise. What’s a calorie?

A calorie is a unit of heat energy. Specifically, it’s the amount of heat energy required to raise 1 gram of water by 1 degree Celsius. How this relates to your body is that when you eat food, the food molecules are broken down chemically and that energy is either used by your body to perform work (like building muscle, or constructing new cells) or is stored (as fat). If you take in more calories than you burn, you will start to get fat.

Now, in the world of calories, it takes 3500 calories to equal one pound of body weight. So, if you take in an extra 3500 calories in your diet this week without exercising, congratulations… you’ve just gained one pound (probably all body fat). The good news is that you can lose one pound of fat by either removing 3500 calories from your diet, or adding 3500 calories of exercise to your weekly schedule, or a combination of the two.

What’s 3500 calories? It’s actually not much if you’re eating the wrong kinds of food. You can consume 3500 calories in one meal if you eat two Double Whoppers (1010 calories each), a King Size order of french fries (590), a King Size onion rings (600), and a chocolate shake (440). Don’t laugh… this is what I used to eat for dinner if my family went to Burger King… or something similarly outrageous.

So the bottom line here is that if you want to lose weight, you have to create a calorie deficit. That means you have to burn off more calories than you eat. You had to eat more calories than you burned to get fat… now you have to reduce the calories to get lean. It’s that simple. In order to know how many calories you’re taking in and burning off, you need to write them down.

Tip 2. Eat Frequently Throughout the Day

Think of your body as a furnace. You want your furnace to burn fuel as efficiently as possible. In order for that to happen, you need to let it burn hot and steady throughout the day.

You need to stoke your fire often to keep it burning. Keep your metabolism running all day long by eating every 3 to 4 hours. My personal tip: I eat on hours evenly divisible by 3. That means breakfast at 9am (if I’m up that early), lunch at noon, a snack at 3pm, dinner at 6pm, a snack at 9pm, and if I’m still up another snack at midnight.

Now, I personally work late (I usually get most of my “real work” done between the hours of 10pm and 2am) but if you need to eat at different hours, that’s fine… Just take the total number of calories you’re going to eat throughout the day and divvy them up into 3-hour intervals. Keep that fire stoked! If you can’t take a break at work to eat every 3 hours, bring a protein bar with you.

If you skip breakfast, then you’re extremely hungry by the time lunch comes around. Skip lunch, and you’re more likely to gorge yourself at dinner. Why? Your body is saying, “Hey! I need food badly!” If you feed yourself often, throughout the day, your body doesn’t go into shock, and you won’t get those wild cravings and hunger pangs when it’s time to eat.

Tip 3. Start a Food & Exercise Journal

Don’t just dismiss this section. I did! The first couple of times I read about doing this in fitness and weight-loss books, I said to myself, “I don’t have the time to do this.” But you know what – it really works!

I cannot stress how important it is to write everything down that you eat. All you need is a little notebook. Make four columns: what you ate, how much of it you ate, how many calories were in it, and what time of the day you ate it. It’s that simple. Also write down any exercise or other activities that are more strenuous than just sitting around.

Taking the time to recognize what you’re eating is the first step to losing weight. A lot of people truly don’t realize how much crap they’re eating. When I first started doing this – and writing down everything I was eating – it really opened my eyes to the volumes of junk food I was eating before. I was a slave to cookies, chocolate, chicken wings, and pizza. When I first took the time to look up the fact that a chicken wing has 150 calories in it (yes, one wing), I was astounded. I used to eat 20 wings and 2 or 3 slices of pizza for dinner.

Now you can get yourself one of those little calorie counter booklets from your favorite book store. Sometimes you’ll even see them in the grocery store. They’re invaluable. Once you get to know the foods you eat on a regular basis, keeping track of what you eat is really quite simple. You will gain a better appreciation for what you’re putting in your body.

So please, please, please, take my advice and journal everything you eat. You do NOT have to do this for the rest of your life… just until you hit your goal weight. By that time, you’ll be able to keep a good mental track of what you’re eating, and you’ll be more aware of what you should eat, and how much exercise you should be getting every week.

Also, you do not have to obsess over every little calorie! Counting your calories can be as detailed as you like. If you want to track every last celery stick, by all means do so. However, you can just round your calories off to the nearest 10, or 20. Don’t worry whether or not something contains 24 or 26 calories. In the end, it doesn’t make that much of a difference… but whether something has 100 or 200 calories does.

The important thing… and I cannot stress this enough… is write everything down!

Tip 4. Eat The Right Amount of Calories

We’re not going to starve ourselves! In fact, proper weight loss is best accomplished by eating more frequently than you’re probably used to! Let me say that again: you’re going to eat more food than you are right now. You’re going to eat better food, more often, but at a lower calorie intake. If you’re like I used to be, you’re probably skipping breakfast. This means that when lunchtime comes around, you’re starving, so you probably overeat the wrong kinds of food (like pizza, wings, Chinese, etc.) for lunch – and I’ll bet it’s fast food or takeout. Then, you don’t eat anything again for six to eight hours, and pack in a monster dinner.

Now here’s what happens: your body isn’t getting any food first thing in the morning, so your metabolism isn’t getting started. Your “calorie-burning fire” doesn’t get started in the morning, so you’re not really burning as many calories as you should be. Also, your body is saying, “uh, oh – I’m not getting any food. I better hold on to whatever body fat I can because we’re starving!” This is bad. If you don’t eat enough food, often enough, your body will basically go into starvation mode and hang on to whatever body fat it can.

The key to unlocking your stored fat is to feed yourself enough good food so that your body doesn’t need to store any additional fat, while at the same time getting plenty of exercise and strength training to burn whatever fat you currently have and build muscle.

There are a bunch of factors that go into calculating metabolic rates and all that jazz, but you can use this chart as a basic measurement of how many calories you should be eating as part of your weight-loss diet. Notice it’s based on your current weight and your gender. Women need fewer calories then do men. Also, if you’re a smaller person, you need less energy than a larger person. Use this chart to determine how many calories you should be eating on a daily basis.

WOMEN

Under 130: 1000 Calories

130-150: 1200 Calories

151-200: 1400 Calories

201-250: 1600 Calories

251-300: 1800 Calories

301-350: 2000 Calories

351-400: 2200 Calories

MEN

Under 130: 1200 Calories

130-150: 1400 Calories

151-200: 1600 Calories

201-250: 1800 Calories

251-300: 2000 Calories

301-350: 2200 Calories

351-400: 2400 Calories

Now here’s something that’s vitally important… you want to make sure you get enough calories every day, otherwise your body will go into “starvation” mode. You want to make sure that you eat your meals at least four times a day to keep your metabolism running. If you don’t eat, your body will go into starvation mode. It will realize that it’s not getting enough food, and will hold on to body fat. It’s important to get enough calories spaced throughout the day to keep your fire stoked. Don’t think that by starving yourself you’re going to lose weight. It will be the wrong kind of weight. Remember, your body will eat it’s own muscle tissue first before burning fat if it doesn’t have enough protein.

Tip 5. Send Yourself to Boot Camp

Now, if you want to jump start your body on its way to fast weight loss, here’s what you’re going to do. Ignore the charts above, and drop yourself right down to a 1000-calorie-per-day diet immediately. In addition, make sure you get at least 15 minutes of walking (or some other easy, basic, extra exercise) in every day as well.

You will do this for exactly two weeks… no more… no less. Then, you will go back to eating the normal amount of calories as indicated on the chart above.

It’s not going to be easy. You won’t be able to eat any junk food for these first two weeks. You can, however, eat plenty of good foods – chicken, salads, whole grain breads, etc. It won’t be easy, but once you get through it, you’ll be able to add lots of calories back in to your diet, and feel more normal again… in fact, after eating only 1000 calories for two weeks, you’ll probably have a hard time bringing yourself back up to 2000 calories (or whatever you should be at).

Here’s why this works: dropping your calorie intake down to 1000 calories will shock your body into new eating habits. You will cleanse your body of toxins (like those monster grease burgers you’ve been eating) and get some good, healthy food in you. You will notice weight loss after the first couple of days, but you’ll be keeping your energy up by eating good foods at regular intervals. You can stop any cravings you’re having with water, or add some extra veggies in there – you can eat just about as much green vegetables as you want.

Tip 6. Don’t Think “Fat Free” Means “Calorie Free”

Everywhere you look, it seems that “low fat” foods abound. While there are certain low-fat or no-fat foods that we are going to eat, you don’t want to restrict yourself to a totally no-fat diet. There are certain fats that are good fats, and other that are bad fats. We’re going to want to eat good fats because they are necessary for proper health. Bad fats, however, will make you fat.

There are tons of fad “no-fat” diets out there that have promoted the whole “low-fat” mentality. What’s happened? People are still continuing to get fat eating “fat-free” foods. They eat fat-free cookies, fat-free chips, and fat-free dairy products, yet they keep getting fatter. Why? Many fat-free foods have nearly as many calories as their full-fat versions.

Now, you start eating “fat free” potato chips thinking to yourself that you can splurge… hey, why not? They’re “fat free.” Well, you still load on the calories with fat-free potato chips. It’s the calories that make you fat. In fact, when food manufacturers remove fat from their products, often times they replace the fat with sugar to improve the taste. Guess what… by adding sugar, they’re bringing the calorie count almost back up to where the full-fat product was.

We need fat. Fat forms lining of the cell membranes in almost every cell of our bodies. Your brain is composed primarily of fat. If you don’t eat enough of the right kinds of fat, your brain will not get the proper nutrition to function. Eating too little fat can also reduce your testosterone levels (equally important for women as for men).

Tip 7. Know Your Fats

Saturated Fats are bad for you. They are found mostly in beef, milk, cheese, deli meats, butter, and some tropical oils. Saturated fats increase your risk of coronary artery disease, diabetes, and obesity. Avoid or minimize saturated fat intake. Try to eat low-fat meats like chicken and turkey without the skin, and reduced-fat dairy products. If you’re eating red mean, get the lowest-fat, leanest meat you can.

Trans Fats are saturated fats that are extremely bad for you. You should completely eliminate all foods with trans fats in them from your diet. These types of unnatural fats are created during food manufacturing processes such as the hydrogenation of vegetable oil. They are usually found in pastries, buns, chips, doughnuts, shortening, and other such foods. If the label says “trans fat” put that product back on the shelf. If the ingredients of any product say “partially hydrogenated” anywhere on it – put it back. One example: margarine! It’s evil. It’s loaded with trans-fatty acids. Avoid it at all costs. Also avoid vegetable shortening, commercial pasties, deep-fried food, and most prepared snacks, mixes, and convenience foods.

Studies have shown that saturated and trans fats are actually addictive and make you want to eat more. They have also been linked to all kinds of health problems from cancer and heart disease to diabetes.

Unsaturated Fats, on the other hand, are generally good for you. These types of fats are usually found in nuts, seeds, fish, and grains. Mono-unsaturated fats, such as the types found in olive and canola oil, will actually protect your cardiovascular system from disease. These are the types of fats we’re going to load into our diet.

– Good fats: almonds, avocado, cashews, flax oil, olive oil, olives, peanut butter, peanuts, fresh fish (salmon, mackerel, tuna)

– Bad fats: butter, coconut, corn oil, cream cheese, half-and-half, lard, mayonnaise, shortening, sour cream

Keep in mind that you need fats in your diet, but even the good fats listed above have a good amount of calories in them – so take it easy! A tablespoon of olive oil, for example, as 100 calories. Almonds (which I love to snack on) have 6 calories a piece. Nuts are a great, healthy-fat snack – but just make sure to take a small handful not the whole bag!

Tip 8. Add Omega 3 Fatty Acids to Your Diet

Omega fats are unsaturated fats that are not only good for you, but they’re essential for your health. Your body cannot create these fats, so you must get them totally from your diet. Omega fats are helpful for many reasons, plus they are necessary for normal cell growth and development.

First, Omega fats are an excellent appetite suppressant. Part of the reason why people binge on “fat-free” foods is because fat is what makes your stomach “feel full.” If you aren’t eating any fat in your meal, your stomach never tells your brain that you’re full. Add a little good fat to your meal, and you’ll feel full with less food.

Eating Omega fats helps your body to unlock stored fat so that you can use it for energy. Omega fat balances your body’s ratio of insulin to glucagon. When you eat sugary foods, your body releases insulin to remove the excess sugar from your system. If you do this too often, the insulin will block the hormone glucagon – which is another hormone that functions to help your body burn fat. Too much sugar = too much insulin = not enough glucagon = little fat burning. Plus, you are at risk for diabetes. Omega fats help to balance this ratio.

Omega fats help to boost your body’s metabolic rate. This also helps you to burn more calories. Omega fats are the building blocks of your cells. Your cell membranes consist of Omega fats. Since they cannot be created by the body, you must get them from your diet.

A specific fat, Omega 3 Fatty Acid, is obtained from flax seeds or flax seed oil. This will be the primary fat that we’ll add to our meals. You can use it on salads and in breads, add it to soups and yogurt. Don’t cook with it, however, as the heat will change it’s chemical properties. You will also find good doses of Omega 3 in most seafood, green leavy vegetables, fatty fish (salmon, tuna, trout, mackerel), walnuts, olive, and canola oil.

Have fish for dinner at least twice a week – and I don’t mean your beer-battered, fried haddock that the local pub serves on Fridays. Pick a fish like salmon, tuna, or mackerel. Bake or grill them – don’t fry them. They have very high concentrations of Omega 3 fatty acids in them. Add flax oil to your salads instead of fatty dressings. Snack on walnuts or almonds instead of cookies and chocolate. You will feel full sooner, and you’ll be adding essential fatty acids to your diet to help burn calories!

Tip 9. Get Plenty of Protein

Proteins are the building blocks for your body. You need to eat lots of protein for your body to build, repair, and maintain your muscle and other lean tissues. If you don’t eat enough protein, your body will break down muscle tissue, which is bad, to maintain itself. As a result, your metabolism will slow, and you won’t burn body fat. Unlike fat or glucose, there’s nowhere in our bodies to store protein (aside from building muscle tissue) so you have to get a lot from your diet.

How much protein should you eat? Most people should eat about 0.4 to 0.8 grams of protein per pound of body weight. Therefore, if you weigh 200 pounds, you should be eating between 80 and 160 grams of protein per day. This isn’t hard to do. Eat two eggs for breakfast, and an 8-ounce serving of chicken for dinner, and you’re at 60 grams of protein right there.

What kinds of protein should you eat? I like fish, chicken (white meat), turkey (white meat), soy products, beans, legumes, and eggs (whites only – yokes have a lot of fat). Soy products are a great source of protein… once you get used to the taste. I have totally switched from regular milk to soy milk. It has all the calcium, much less of the saturated fat, and none of the cholesterol of normal milk (even skim milk!)

Eat fish twice a week, chicken twice a week, turkey once a week, a vegetarian meal once a week, and then on that seventh day, go ahead and splurge with the pork or beef… just take it easy. Just make sure you choose lean sirloin cuts. Trim off any fat. Beef has a lot of saturated fat in it (it’s marbled throughout the meat so you can’t just cut it off). Beef is the worst meat for you – as compared to the other popular meats.

– Good protein: beans (any kind), eggs (preferably whites – yolks have a lot of fat), chicken (white meat, no skin), turkey (white meat, no skin), salmon (preferably not farmed), tuna (packed in water, not oil), mahi mahi, any shellfish, any soy products.

– Bad protein: bacon, ham, hot dogs, beef, pork, lamb, veal.

In part 2 of this article, you’ll read about nine more tips to lose weight.

How to Make $60,000 Yearly Growing Gourmet Oyster Mushrooms

The popularity of gourmet mushrooms is continuing to grow. Over a million and a half pounds were grown just last year in the United States. Because of this increasing demand, new growers can succeed with exotics, such as oyster & shiitake mushrooms. It’s fairly easy too. Here’s how you could make $60,000 a year growing oyster mushrooms:

Oyster mushrooms, a type of gourmet mushroom, are one of the most profitable gourmet mushroom available. In addition to the high demand for them, growing them is pretty simple. Because they grow so rapidly, you can grow about five crops a year, so it’s possible to make a big profit fairly quickly. Best of all, you can do this in your spare time. If you have a few hours to spare a week, then you can grow a profitable crop.

So let’s do the math. If you have a 500 square foot growing area, in a year that can produce about 12,000 pounds of mushrooms. Oyster mushrooms retail for $6 a pound. 12,000 pounds of mushrooms at $6 a pound could make you $72,000 in a year’s time. Simply put, growing gourmet mushrooms for profit can be a way to make a nice extra income, or can even be a new career.

To grow a bumper crop, oyster mushrooms need a growing room where you can control the temperature, the humidity and the light. This allows you to regulate all three to meet the needs of the growing mushrooms at various times in the growing cycle.

One of the keys to having a successful mushroom-growing business is cleanliness. There are many things that could potentially contaminate your mushrooms, but if you take special care, your mushrooms can grow up healthy and tasty. So what do you need to do? First, pasteurizing your straw growing medium will remove possible threats of contamination. When you’re ready to spread out your straw to cool down, take special care to wipe down and disinfect the surface using a 10% bleach solution. And finally, remember to always wash your hands thoroughly before handling any items, such as your spawn or substrate. Healthy gourmet mushrooms will get you top dollar at market.

When your gourmet mushrooms are ready to harvest, try to sell them as soon as possible. Fresh mushrooms will sell the best. If you’re unable to sell your entire supply soon, you can freeze or dry them to sell at a later date. For the mushrooms you’re ready to sell now, try any or all of these three options:

1. Farmers’ markets – If you’ve been to one of these, you know how they can draw big crowds. Attendees are eager to find the best local produce from the best local growers. That could be you. Set up a booth or stand and get selling.

2. Restaurants – If you’re like a lot of people, you love tasting delicious fresh mushrooms when you go out to a restaurant. Restaurants have to get those mushrooms from somewhere, so why not you? Hand out free samples to chefs at local restaurants, and they just might be interested in your gourmet mushrooms.

3. Grocery stores – More and more grocery stores are stocking gourmet mushrooms. Many buy their mushrooms from out-of-state distributors. If your gourmet mushrooms are fresh, healthy and delicious, then you could see a lot of business coming your way.

You could make over $60,000 a year growing gourmet mushrooms for profit. If you have a few hours a week to spare, and you have a growing area where you can control the temperature, humidity and light, then you can be a successful grower. Make sure your mushrooms are growing up healthy, and that you’re selling them at the right places, and you’ll be on your way to success. To learn more about how to grow and market oyster mushrooms, read Golden Harvest, available at http://profitableplants.com

My 3 Favourite Recipes From Kenya

With 52 tribes in Kenya, extending from the coast to the Rift Valley lakes to the central highlands to the northern desert, the cuisines found in this country are many and varied. There is also a strong Indian influence as the spice traders started coming to Africa centuries ago and have remained to trade in various other goods since. Here I present three dishes commonly found around Nairobi. Two – the matoke and mukimo – are traditional Kikuyu dishes from the central highlands, and the chapatti is from the coast.

Chapatti

Ingredients (makes 15-20 chapattis):

½ litre cold water

1 kg flour

Salt

Sugar

Oil

Method:

Mix water with flour, add a handful of salt, a bit of sugar and a bit of oil (the oil makes the chapatti turn golden when it cooks). Divide the mixture into balls the size of a child’s fist. Roll out each ball to a flat circle about the size of a dinner plate. Fry on a very hot, oiled chapatti pan (flat fry pan) for about 2 minutes on each side or until golden brown.

Matoke

Ingredients:

Plantains (these are green bananas that are starchy and not sweet)

Tomatoes

Cooking oil

Potatoes

Water

Onions

Parsley

Capsicum

Salt

Method:

Peel the plantains and potatoes and soak for about half an hour. Meanwhile fry onions, tomatoes, parsley, capsicum and salt. Add potatoes and plantains to the fried tomato mix. Cover with water and add salt to taste (the salt also helps soften the plantains quickly). Stew over medium heat until the plantains and potatoes are cooked through.

To cook minji (peas), maharagwe (beans, usually red kidney) and njahi (black beans) follow a similar recipe. Boil the peas or beans for several hours until soft. Fry up the tomato mix described above, add potatoes and water. Finally add the peas or beans and mix together over low heat.

Mukimo

Ingredients:

Beans (red kidney beans usually)

Maize kernels

Onions

Tomatoes

Potatoes

Method:

Boil beans and maize (generally equal amounts of beans and maize) until soft, this usually takes a couple of hours. In another pot, cook onions, tomatoes and potatoes until soft. Then add the beans and maize. Now you have githeri another popular Kikuyu dish (my favourite!). However, to get to mukimo, cook the stew for another 30 minutes before mashing it all together. The maize is tough to mash so don’t worry about the kernels staying whole. The beans and potatoes will mash easily though.

Some versions of mukimo do not use beans; instead use a leafy green vegetable such as kale or spinach which mashes with the potato to make the mukimo green.

The quantities depend on your taste and how many you are cooking for. Generally for mukimo you want equal quantities of beans, maize and potatoes with the onion and tomato simply adding some taste. For matoke the plantains should be more than the potatoes, about a 2:3 ratio. Again the tomato fry mix is simply to add taste so you don’t need too much. For the chapattis the flour should be twice the amount of water with sugar and salt to taste.

I would love to hear about your experiences with Kenyan food – whether you have cooked it yourself or been cooked for. Please leave your comments below.

Honey and Cinnamon for Weight Loss – How Can Honey and Cinnamon Help Weight Loss?

What are the honey and cinnamon weight loss secrets? How can they help you lose weight? The answers will interest you if you are looking for ways to lose fat naturally. Let’s start with the first ingredient, cinnamon.

The health benefits of cinnamon only caught the attention of science in recent years even though it has been used for cooking and medical purposes for thousand of years. It is rich in antioxidant and protects us against heart diseases. It also lowers the LDL cholesterol, relieves arthritis and controls blood glucose (sugar) and insulin levels.

But what is the cinnamon weight loss secret? The positive effect of cinnamon on blood glucose and insulin levels is also how it can help us lose weight. By regulating blood glucose and insulin levels, it prevents fat disposition.

How to maximize the cinnamon weight loss benefits? You can consume cinnamon supplements before meal or sprinkle cinnamon powder onto foods.

Here’s how you supercharge the cinnamon weight loss benefits: By adding honey.

But why honey? It is a natural sweetener with many health benefits. Similar to cinnamon, it is rich in antioxidant and contains a wide variety of vitamins and minerals making it a super healthy food.

But what is the link between honey and fat loss? Honey and cinnamon weight loss mechanism is somehow similar but not exactly. According to the Honey Hibernation Diet (HHD), fat loss is possible when you are sleeping. Consuming raw honey before bed time can speed up metabolism and burn fat.

Here’s what we found out:

Honey is considered an ideal food as it keeps the sugar level balanced. This comment is also supported by the Journal of Medicinal Food (April 2004) where they reported similar finding. Further to that, the release of the recovery hormones helps to burn fat. This happens when the liver is fueled with sufficient honey intake before bed.

Why? This is because the liver needs to deliver 10 grams of glucose per hour to different parts of the body. We understand from HHD that the fat loss secret of honey lies in the 1:1 ratio of fructose and glucose. When we consume this natural sweetener, the fructose goes to the liver and stores as glycogen. If the blood glucose level falls below the normal level, the liver releases glycogen to different parts of the body.

In addition, fructose activates an enzyme for the liver to take in more glucose, thus stabilizing the blood sugar level. Simply put, fructose regulates blood glucose level. See the similarity between honey and cinnamon weight loss mechanism? But it doesn’t stop there. Because honey is rich in amino acids and minerals, it draws on these to metabolize the cholesterol and fatty acid, thus impeding fat gain.

But what are the practical applications of honey and cinnamon for weight loss? We find that a glass of honey and cinnamon drink a day helps to get rid of fat.

Here’s the honey and cinnamon weight loss recipe:

1) Add 1/2 teaspoon of cinnamon powder to 8 ounces of boiling water and stir well.

2) Cover the mixture and allow it to cool to room temperature.

3) Add 1 teaspoon of honey to the mixture. Stir well and drink half of it before going to bed. Do not adding honey to a hot mixture or scope it with a metal teaspoon as it may destroy the enzymes and nutrients.

4) Cover the balance of the honey and cinnamon weight loss mixture and keep it in fridge overnight.

5) Drink the cold mixture the first thing in the morning before breakfast without heating it up.

Simple steps to create a honey and cinnamon weight loss mixture that tastes good!

We are confident that you know how honey and cinnamon can help fat loss now. But how effective is this honey and cinnamon for weight loss formula? The results are astonishing. Our research showed that this has proven to work well for most people. On the average, they were losing about 7 pounds per week. A dieter lost 34 pounds using this honey and cinnamon weight loss formula alone. Many were able to lose belly fat too.

Those who consume this honey and cinnamon weight loss drink daily also feel happier with an increased in energy levels and sex drive. Therefore, it is fair to say that the honey and cinnamon weight loss drink can also improves other aspects of your life.

That said, anyone serious about losing weight and staying lean should not rely on the honey and cinnamon weight loss formulation alone. Having the right fat loss mindset, good eating and exercise habits are important for sustainable and natural fat loss. This means tuning the mind to focus on eating fat burning foods and engaging in strength and interval trainings. But specifically how to tune your mindset and what kind of fat burning foods and trainings are effective?

How Do Your Surroundings Affect Your Creativity and Idea Generation

Your Surroundings and Your Inventiveness

Do you know what makes you more creative sometimes as opposed to other days? The answer is not easy to figure out. One day you may find you are more creative when working in a cooler place of work and the next day low lighting seems to work best. However, here has been research in his area that can give you some guidelines and a few surprising observations. It was actually shown that your surroundings do have a large impact on your inventiveness levels.

Effect of Noise Levels on Creativity and Inventiveness

Working in silence is not necessarily better for creative thinking. You don’t want your work area to be to silent or extremely loud because creativity will suffer. Instead you need ambient noise levels to help you become more creative and productive. A moderate level of noise can even enhance performance on creative tasks. A study published online by the Journal of Consumer Research showed that 70 decibels may be an optimum noise level. In their noise studies, people were more apt to buy creative products too.

Creativity and Lighting

Studies have also shown that when lighting is dim, creativity is improved. A school of thought believes that stressful feelings can be reduced with lower light as you become free with your thinking. Additional research has shown that people feel free when the lights are dim. Give this a try yourself, Sit in a in a darkened room for five minutes. See if your thoughts and feelings change.

Colors Matter

The ideal colors for improving your creativity are and green. One doesn’t need to go to the ocean or daydream looking at the sky, as even a just a picture of the sky and green meadows can spur creative thinking. A red surrounding also will help for projects that have a lot of detail needed. Red is a stimulating color that can actually raise the blood pressure of some people and increase adrenaline.

Surprising Thoughts on Creativity and a Cluttered Room.

Some people shine in creativity working in a messy workspace. There are many people who are convinced that a neat organized workspace is best for thinking but are really surprised about the effect of a cluttered area. It is though the clutter in the room draws your attention to new details that you may not have noticed before. In turn this stimulates your creative juices. Another idea stemming from disorganization, is having many photos and collectibles that could spur ideas of memories and even disorganization of these memoirs can cause confusion that can lead to creative thinking. Personalization of your workspace at home may be exactly what you need but an employer may frown on any disorganization.

The Effect of Traveling on Creative Thinking

You may not be surprised to find out that journeying to new places of the world has an amazing effect on brain enhancements. In new nation-states or even parts of your own country, the different experiences of food, music, culture, even geography has a big impact on creativity. Those who study the brain can attest to neural pathways being stimulated by change New tradition is to you, speech patterns, ideas uncommon to you will also get you thinking creatively. More interactions with new cultures and people also add to inventiveness. Immersion of one self into other cultural experiences or activities even can generate new ideas and ingenuity.

If you feel that your idea generation skills are lacking why not try one of the items from above to increase them. You never know what sparks of ideas and ambitions you suddenly become inspired with.

Pralines by Haitian French Creole Natives

Saint-Domingue (present day Haiti) was the richest sugar colony for the French during French occupation of that Caribbean island during the 17th century. Haiti was the backbone for the beginning and duration of the French sugar industry. The knowledge and resources for processing cane sugar to refined sugar, gave the French the advantage of becoming the leader in the sugar industry during the 17th century. The abundance of sugar in Haiti provided the French with the opportunity for creative desserts in Haiti and in France. The praline was one of the French desserts created from the abundance of sugar during that time. However, this confection did not take on the “praline” name until its introduction to the United States.

Pralines are often defined as caramelized nuts or sugar coated nuts. Credit is often attributed to one well to do French sugar industrialist that lived in France during the 17th century. However, Haitian French Creoles believe that this is a recipe that was created in a French Plantation home in Haiti during French occupation of Haiti and transported to France where a French industrialist took credit for the creation of this recipe.

Although praline is well known only to American living in the southern states, every native Haitian knows this confection because it is a true part of their culture and livelihood. The Haitian’s name for praline is the “Haitian Tablet”. This recipe was later introduced in New Orleans by the French and their Haitian Creole house servants traveling from Haiti to New Orleans.

Haitian Tablets (Pralines) take two forms in Haiti. Made with brown sugar, this confection has a chewy consistency due to the molasses found in brown sugar. Cream and white sugar is added to the recipe to create a less chewy but creamier candy. The introduction of a variety of nuts like almonds, peanuts, coconut and cashew made for a great variety of pralines in Haiti. Peanut was and is still the most popular Haitian variety of this confection. The Haitian has named this confection, “Tablet Pistache”. Translated, this is the peanut variety of praline. Coconut is the next favorite variety of this confection for Haitian. Due to unfavorable condition for growth, pecan was not a nut option for this confection on the island of Haiti. Most Haitians are not familiar Pecan Pralines. This variety of praline became popular once this recipe was introduced in New Orleans because Pecans was abundant in the southern states of the United Sates.

French culture and cuisine was introduced in Haiti during French occupations of that island. Even though Haiti is a free country today, the French cultural influence and cuisine are still observed in Haiti’s language, mannerism and culinary skills.

The Haitian Tablet (Praline) is still abundant today and throughout Haiti’s main cities and countryside. It is one of the oldest confections produce by Haitian natives in Haiti. It is also one of Haitian’s most favorite treat.

Although pralines are simple to create, they are seldom authentic because those who create this confection are seldom direct French descendants and their recipes are often gathered from present day resources about the generic praline. There is one manufacturer of this confection that can call this recipe “authentic”. Le Gourmet Praline is a praline manufacturer owned by a Haitian French Creole who is a direct descendant of French and Haitian parents and was born on the Island of Haiti. Le Gourmet Praline recipe was handed down throughout the generations. There are family secrets to this recipe that makes this confection unique from any other pralines in this industry.

Karabij – A Middle Eastern Cookie

Karabij is a popular Middle Eastern cookie served with Natef. Natef is a special white cream used for dipping with Karabij.

Karabij are one element in the Middle Eastern cookies family, which in turn is a class of Arabic sweets. It is a cookie made of semolina dough, which makes it very delicate and easy to break. It is baked, and it is abundant in pistachio nuts.

While other Middle Eastern cookies like Mamoul and Mamoul-Mad are filled with many types of nuts such as pistachios and walnuts, as well as dates, Karabij on the other hand is always filled with only pistachios. Even though it is perfectly possible to use a walnuts or dates filling with Karabij cookies, it has been the custom not to do so and to use only pistachio nuts filling with Karabij.

Karabij are essentially small pistachios filled Mamoul cookies. They share the same ingredients as Mamoul and are prepared and baked in the same manner. However, Karabij are usually smaller in size than Mamoul because they are intended to be dipped in Natef. Even though Mamoul is made into different sizes, Karabij are always made into a small longitudinal shape easy to use for dipping.

Karabij are great for those who like dipping. It is a favorite dessert to eat while watching a movie for example. It is much healthier than chips or chocolate since it contains healthy pistachio nuts.

Karabij are popular in Arabic countries. Their popularity did not spread much to the western world because they are closely associated with the white Lebanese cream Natef which is not popular in the Western world.

Karabij are small in size, and one can eat couple dozens of them before noticing. They are in general high in calories, just like any other cookies, so people should watch how many they eat.

These small cookies are considered to be in the same category as Mamoul, Mamoul-Mad, and Ghraybeh, which are all under the class of Middle Eastern cookies. However, while Ghraybeh is a sugar cookie, all the rest are semolina based cookies filled with nuts such as pistachio and walnuts and with dates as well.

Middle Eastern cookies are consumed especially during holidays and celebrations in Middle Easter and Arab countries. They are also the preferred gift during religious holidays and celebration.

In summary, Karabij are Middle Eastern cookies exclusively dipped with the white cream Natef and offered for desert.

A Must-Have To Add Years To Your Life And Life To Your Years

The 7Fs are essential parts of living a longer, better life. One of those Fs is Friendships (the others are Food, Fitness, Future, Fun, Finances, and Faith), considered to be the highest and finest of all human relationships.

Different people provide the friendship we need at different times of our lives (some friends, of course, remain for the long haul). This shift is not surprising, given that most of us change with time and experience, and all parties to a friendship are changing simultaneously. When couples divorce, for example, people might take sides with one of the divorcing pair or lose touch with both of them when they go their separate ways.

Generating and retaining modern-day friendships can be tough going. Exploring the past doesn’t seem to be of much use for us when we’re searching for models or examples. Most of the famous friendships recorded in history and legend are between men and most of those appear as a bit more than friendships (Achilles and Patroclus, for example). Contemporary models offered by film and television and the effect of social media add to the confusion. All we’re able to conclude from these models is that friendship is far more emotional than rational. While it could be argued that qualities such as shared interests, attitudes, views, tastes, style, appearance, and sense of humour are reasons for engaging, friendships tend to be natural, spontaneous, freely given, and entered into more on subliminal cues than other qualities.

Despite the confusion, we do know that we have to work at retaining friendship. Back in Aristotle’s day (350 BCE), he reckoned that one and a half bushels of salt needed to be consumed together before a friendship became solid.

How Do Protozoans Obtain Their Nutrition?

Nature encompasses alluring, enchanting organisms one can think. These creatures may range from smallest protozoans to largest mammals. All the creatures require food for getting energy. The method of capturing food differs in different group of taxa. The way in which the protozoans devour their prey is also magnificent. The mechanism of getting nutrition is also amazing. Nutrition is a process of taking food in and digesting it and assimilating it to obtain energy. The ways in which the protozoans obtain their nourishment also varies drastically. They represent almost every type of nutrition. They may be holozoic, holophytic, parasitic, coprozoic, mixotrophic, saprozoic.

1. Holozoic Nutrition

The majority of Protozoans nourish themselves in the manner as the higher organisms did. They are able to feed on various micro-organisms, rotifers, crustaceans, other protozoans etc. Such protozoans are termed as Holozoic. They may be carnivorous, herbivorous, omnivorous or scavangerous. Holozoic nutrtion is also termed as zootrophic nutrition. This type of nutrition involves three basic steps:

A. Food Capture and ingestion

The regular method of food intake is also termed as phagocytosis, which differs greatly in different classes of protozoa. The locomotory organelles play an important role in food capture and ingestion. Rhumbler has defined four methods in which the locomotory organelles participate in food capture and ingestion.

a. Circumvallation

This method is very common Amoeba. Here the prey is surrounded by the locomotory organelle termed as pseudopodia from all the sides without coming in direct contact with the prey and a cup is formed. The food cup is later on completed by forming a food vacuole enclosing the prey with large amount of water.

b. Circumfluence

This method is aided by the locomotory organelles termed as axopodia and reticulopodia for capturing an immobile prey. A food cup is formed by direct contact with the prey and cytoplasm flows around the prey for engulfing it.

c. Invagination

In this case, the prey is first killed by a toxin secreted by the pseudopodia and then it is enclosed in the form of a food vacuole along with cytoplasm.

d. Import

In this case, the passive prey like the filamentous alga is simply drawn into the body upon contact and ingested. The general body surface plays an important role in this process.

B. Digestion and Assimilation

Digestion is always intracellular. The food vacuole is surrounded by a film. Acids, alkalies and enzymes are poured over the food to ensure digestion. The reaction is first acidic then alkaline. The prey is killed in the acidic environment which lasts for 4-60 minutes. Digestion mostly occurs in the alkaline phase. The digestive enzymes are aided by the lysosomes. Protein splitting proteases and starch splitting amylases are of wide occurrence. The presence of fat splitting lipase is controversial.

C. Egestion

In naked forms like Amoeba, the undigested matter goes out from the hinder part of the body. In some ciliates egestion occurs through a permanent opening present at the posterior end of the body termed as cytopyge.

2. Holophytic Nutrition

This mode of nutrition is also termed as autotrophic nutrition. This is very common in chlorophyll bearing flagellates. These organisms carry out photosynthesis with the help of carbon dioxide, water and chlorophyll. The oxygen is liberated and the left carbon is used for making food. The starch is stored in the form of amylum but in Euglena it is stored in the form of paramylum which is not colored with iodine. Certain protozoans house symbiotic green alga that carry out photosynthesis and provides food to them.

3. Saprozoic Nutrition

This mode of nutrition is also termed as osmotrophy. Here the flagellates that are in direct contact with the organic matter of the decomposed plants and animals obtain their nourishment. They obtain their food in the form of dissolved material.

4. Pinocytosis

This is also termed as cell drinking.It was first studied by Mast and Doyle in 1934 in Amoeba proteus. Pinocytotic channels are formed in the body for absorbing liquid food from the surrounding medium. This method helps the organism in getting higher molecular compounds from the surrounding medium.

5. Parasitic Nutrition

The Sporozoans are completely parasitic and obtain their nourishment by living as parasites in the body of other animals. They fall under two categories:

a. Commensals

They feed on the raw or digested material of the host in saprozoic manner. They are harmless endocommensals. E.g., Nyctotherus, Balantidium

b. Pathogenic

About 26 species of protozoa are known to be parasitic to humans. They are responsible for causing dreadful diseases like Sleeping sickness, Malaria etc.

6. Coprozoic Nutrition

Many free living Protozoans feed on the faecal matter of other animals and are termed as coprozoic. Eg., Cercomonas etc.

7. Mixotrophic Nutrition

Several Protozoans are able to get their nutrition in more than one way. Euglena gracilis is able to take nutrition both holophytically as well as saprozoically.

Whatever may be means of devouring food all leads to adaptation to colossal environment.

Why Product Demonstrations Make Better Business Sense

Walk into any store or mall today, whether it is a grocery store or a boutique store, a high-end mall or the shopping center next door, and chances are that you will see a product demonstration going on there. This could be to demonstrate an electrical appliance, such as a kitchen appliance, or it could be to demonstrate a new cosmetic or beauty product, or it could be a food demonstration that gives people a chance to sample the food or beverage that is being marketed. No matter what category of shopping center promotions you see, you can rest assured that there will be a beeline of people eagerly waiting to get a sample or try the new product. This could be just the curious among the shoppers or those who are serious shoppers who are ready to actually buy the product.

Even if the product demonstration is given to 10 people, you can rest assured that at least half of those would be willing to buy the product after trying it out. This is why a product demonstration is such an effective form of marketing for companies across different industries as it gives a much better return on investment than other forms of advertising, while also being cost effective. Unlike print, electronic, and digital media or social media marketing which can tend to get very expensive, a product demonstration is more value for money and delivers results, especially when planned, designed, and implemented by a professional company that has considerable experience and expertise in shopping center promotions.

One of the major areas that shopping center promotions are so successful is in the food and beverage industry. This is because a food demonstration gives people the chance to actually taste, smell, and/or see what the food or beverage product is like. This is a totally different experience, one that allows them to enjoy the product using their five senses. Compared to just reading about the product, or seeing it on television, or seeing it on the supermarket shelf, the experience of actually sampling the product, experiencing what it tastes like, smells like, and looks like, is enough to make most people actually buy the product. This is true even if they have been loyal to a certain brand for many years.

A product demonstration is especially effective in households where the children are the decision makers when it comes to buying food and beverages! Children are known to be notoriously loyal and stick to a favorite brand. Parents do not often want to upset this status quo. So the most effective way that companies can get such a demographic to buy their new brand is to give the children a chance to sample the product! And this is something that most children will love to do, as they are naturally curious. Once they are won over, then winning over their parents is a walk in the park! This is something that a television commercial or a print advertisement cannot achieve, no matter how well made or expensive it may be!

How Technology Has Changed Our Kitchen Appliances

Modern day technology has changed the way that we cook and eat in our kitchens. We can easily see this with the many gadgets and kitchen appliances found in kitchens all over the world. As kitchen technology has evolved, our dependence for such innovative products has also increased. With busy daily schedules, the technology used in kitchen appliances shapes our lives because of how easily they make it to prepare and cook healthier meals.

The kitchen is the busiest place in our house because this is where our everyday food is being prepared and consumed. Besides appliances such as food processors, which have made preparing foods so easy, perhaps the most revolutionary technologies are the appliances that have made clean up a breeze when using a dishwasher. Since the invention of the computer, there are very few kitchen appliances today that are not powered by computer programs and memory chips. From our can opener to our ovens, every electrical appliance that we use is operated using technology. The good thing about these changes is that this breakthrough has contributed so much in easing up our daily activities especially with cooking healthy meals.

Kitchen appliances have evolved so much since the discovery of gas ovens that now new modern appliances are not just manufactured to be more efficient but designed to suite the taste of our decorative styles. The most modern day appliances we typically see now are indicators of what was lacking in the past when women needed to put extra effort on their cooking needs. Some of these modern kitchen appliances include the freezer with no frost, automatic toast makers, dishwashers, microwave ovens, sandwich makers and juice extractors. Not only do these appliances do terrific jobs of cooking and cleaning, you can buy them in complete packages to match the style of your kitchen. Now the person who is in charge of the kitchen does not have to worry about doing all of the cooking, baking, grilling, grinding and washing the dishes at the same time. With the push of a button, everything is literally taken care of.

As a result, technology has not only increased the values of our kitchens, it has made cooking once again enjoyable. You can now easily watch or listen to your favorite show while you enjoy preparing a wonderful meal for your family. As kitchen appliances improve, so will our time increase that we get to spend with loved ones.